Foreign Universities will now be able to organize campuses in India to bring up the level of Indian Education as per the National Educational Policy. The Centre introduced on Wednesday, afterwards the new National Education Policy, to bring a complete and overtake change in the Indian education.The system hasa number of reforms to create more job providers and not job seekers.
The plan will allow around 200 top global universities to operate in India.It will support ease for students who would like to seek foreign education and save their greenbacks.It will also bring up the quality of higher education and accessible for a larger section compared earlier.
The new policy focuses for universalization of education from pre-school to secondary level with 100 per cent Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in school education by 2030. It focuses to bring up GER in higher education to 50 per cent by 2025.NEP 2020 focuses to increase the Gross Enrollment Ratio in higher education including vocational education from 26.3 per cent in 2018 to 50 per cent by 2035 and focuses to add 3.5 crore new seats to higher education institutions.
Liabilities as per NEP 2020
- A common National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST) will be developed by the National Council for Teacher Education by 2022, in consultation with NCERT, SCERTs, teachers and expert organizations from across levels and regions.
- States/UTs will organize independent State School Standards Authority (SSSA). The SCERT will develop a School Quality Assessment and Accreditation Framework (SQAAF) through consultations with all stakeholders.
- An Academic Bank of Credit is to be established for digitally storing academic credits earned from different HEIs so that these can be transferred and counted towards final degree earned.
- Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities (MERUs), at par with IITs, IIMs, to be organize as models of best multidisciplinary education of global standards in the country.
- Higher Education Commission of India(HECI) will be organize as a single overarching umbrella body for entire higher education, excluding medical and legal education.
- A new and comprehensive National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education, NCFTE 2021, will be formulated by the NCTE in consultation with NCERT.
- By 2030, the minimum degree qualification for teaching will be a 4-year integrated B.Ed.degree. Stringent action will be taken against substandard stand-alone Teacher Education Institutions (TEIs).
Plans of NEP 2020
- Public and private higher education institutions will be governed by the same set of norms for regulation, accreditation and academic standards.
- Affiliation of colleges is to be phased out in 15 years and a stage-wise mechanism is to be established for granting graded autonomy to colleges.
- A National Mission for Mentoring will be established, with a large pool of outstanding senior/retired faculty who would be willing to provide short and long-term mentoring/professional support to university/college teachers.
- The National Scholarship Portal will be expanded to track the progress of students receiving scholarships.
- Private HEIs will be encouraged to offer larger numbers of free ships and scholarships to their students.
- Measures such as online courses and digital repositories, funding for research, improved student services, credit-based recognition of MOOCs, etc.
- A comprehensive set of recommendations for promoting online education consequent to the recent rise pandemics in order to ensure preparedness with alternative modes of quality education whenever and wherever traditional modes of education are not possible.
- A dedicated unit for the purpose of orchestrating the building of digital infrastructure, digital content and capacity building will be created in the HRD ministry to look after the e-education needs of both school and higher education.
- An autonomous body, the National Educational Technology Forum (NETF), will be created to provide a platform for the free exchange of ideas on the use of technology to enhance learning, assessment, planning, administration.
- NEP recommends setting an Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IITI), National Institute (or Institutes) for Pali, Persian and Prakrit, strengthening of Sanskrit and all language departments in HEIs, and use mother tongue/local language as a medium of instruction in more HEI programmes.
- Internationalization of education will be facilitated through both institutional collaborations, and student and faculty mobility and allowing entry of top world ranked universities to open campuses in India.
- Stand-alone technical universities, health science universities, legal and agricultural universities etc will aim to become multi-disciplinary institutions.
- Policy focuses to achieve 100% youth and adult literacy.
- The Centre and the States will work together to increase the public investment in Education sector to reach 6 per cent of GDP at the earliest
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