IIT Madras Collaborates with German Researchers to Develop New Materials for Green Energy Solutions. Indian Institute of Technology Madras Researchers is collaborating with German Researchers to develop new materials for Green Energy Solutions. The project aims to develop alternative technologies to produce Green Hydrogen as the world is expected to eventually transit to a hydrogen-based economy. The depletion of conventional fossil fuels and natural gases combined with increasing demand for alternative sources of energy necessitates prioritizing research on producing and storing non-polluting energy forms or ‘Green Energy.’ In this context, the hydrogen-based economy is a promising area to invest scientific interest in the humanitarian quest to reduce carbon footprint.
This research project was taken up under the Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration (SPARC), an initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. A budget of Rs. 66 lakh has been allocated for this SPARC project. A team of researchers led by Prof. N.V. Ravi Kumar from the Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering at IIT Madras is collaborating with Prof. Sanjay Mathur, Chair of Inorganic and Materials Chemistry, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Cologne, Germany and other researchers.
Speaking about the importance of generating hydrogen using environment-friendly measures, Prof. N.V. Ravi Kumar, Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, IIT Madras, said, “Conventional methods of generating hydrogen (H2) such as ‘water-gas conversion’ and ‘partial oxidation of hydrocarbons’ generate a large quantity of carbon dioxide (CO2), a notorious greenhouse gas that imposes serious environmental concerns. In contrast, electrochemical splitting of water termed as ‘Water Electrolysis’ (WE) is a clean, facile, and highly efficient technology for large-scale production of high-purity H2. Through this international collaboration, we aim to develop novel low-cost electrocatalysts for hydrogen evolution reactions.”
A team consisting of materials chemists, ceramicists, experts in characterization including correlative spectroscopy coupled with computational materials scientists are working to address scientific issues at various length scales understanding fundamental scientific issues and transform lab-scale research into deployable reactors/devices.
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