India’s child mortality rate decreased between 1990 and 2019 – UN Report

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India’s child mortality rate decreased between 1990 and 2019 – UN Report
India’s child mortality rate decreased between 1990 and 2019 – UN Report

India’s child mortality rate decreased between 1990 and 2019 – UN Report. India’s child mortality rate has declined substantially between 1990 and 2019 but the country, along with Nigeria, still accounted for almost a third of all under-five deaths last year, according to a new UN report which warned that COVID-19 pandemic threatens to undo decades of progress in eliminating preventable child deaths globally.

Key Points:

  • The number of global under-five deaths dropped to its lowest point on record in 2019 — down to 5.2 million from 12.5 million in 1990.
  • The country registered a 4.5 per cent annual rate of reduction in under-five mortality between1990-2019. The number of under-five deaths in India dropped from 3.4 million in 1990 to 824,000 in 2019.
  • The global burden of under-five deaths weighs most heavily on just two regions – sub-Saharan Africa and Central and Southern Asia.
  • These two regions alone accounted for more than 80 per cent of the 5.2 million global under-five deaths in 2019, but they only accounted for 52 per cent of the global under-five population.

According to the new mortality estimates released by UNICEF, the World Health Organization (WHO), the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs and the World Bank Group, the under-five mortality rate (deaths per 1,000 live births) in India declined to 34 in 2019 from 126 in 1990.

About UN:

  • Secretary general: António Guterres
  • Headquarters: New York, United States

Expected Questions:

  1. Every Year State of the World’s Children’ report is released by – UNICEF
  2. Headquarters of UNICEF located at – New York, USA
  3. Who is the Executive Director of UNICEF? – Henrietta Holsman Fore
  4. What is India’s Rank in Global Talent Competitive Index? – 72
  5. What is India’s Rank in Global Gender Gap Report 2020? – 112
  6. Global Gender Gap Report 2020 topped by which country? – Iceland
  7. The UN’s Universal Children’s Day celebrated on – November 20

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