The New Education Policy (NEP), approved by the Union Cabinet on Wednesday. This enacts that all higher education institutions will have to openly disclose fees charged by them and any profits have to be reinvested in the education sector.
Policy of charging fees
- All education institutions will be held to similar standards of audit and revelation as a ‘not for profit’ entity. Surpluses, if any, will be reinvested in the educational sector.
- There will be open public revelation of all these financial matters with recourse to offence handling to the general public. The accreditation system developed by a National Accreditation Council will provide a complementary check on this system. The National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC) will consider this as one of the key dimensions of its regulatory objective.
- All fees and charges set by private HEIs will be openly and fully disclosed. This fee determining technique will ensure recovery of cost while ensuring that HEIs discharge their social obligations.
Policy of accreditation
- Through a suitable system of graded accreditation and graded autonomy, and in a phased manner over a period of 15 years.In India, all HEIs will focus to make an independent self-governing institutions pursuing innovation and excellence.
- Receiving the appropriate graded accreditations that deem the institution ready for such a move, a Board of Governors (BoG) shall be established. Equity considerations will also be carried out, while selecting the members.
- The BoG of an institution will be authorized to govern the institution free of any external interference. It is imagined that all HEIs will be incentivized, supported and mentored during this process. Further also it shall focus to become autonomous and have such an authorizedBoG by 2035.
Policy of Disciplinary and Enhancement of Technologies
- Stand-alone agricultural universities, legal universities, health science universities, technical universities, and stand-alone institutions in other fields. These shall focus to become multidisciplinary institutions offering holistic and multidisciplinary education.
- All institutions offering either professional or general education will focus to organically evolve into institutions offering both seamlessly, by 2030.
- Both capacity and quality of agriculture and affiliated disciplines must be improved in order to increase agricultural productivity through better skilled graduates and technicians, innovative research, and market-based extension linked to technologies and practices.
- Institutions offering agricultural education must benefit the local community directly; one approach could be to set up Agricultural Technology Parks to promote technology incubation and dissemination and promote sustainable methodologies.
- Legal education needs to be competitive globally, adopting best practices and embracing new technologies for wider access to and timely delivery of justice.
- Technical education will also focus to be offered within multidisciplinary education institutions and programmes. It has a renewed focus on opportunities to engage deeply with other disciplines.
- India must also take the lead in preparing professionals in cutting-edge areas that are fast gaining prominence, such as Artificial Intelligence (AI), 3-D machining, big data analysis, and machine learning, in addition to genomic studies, biotechnology, nanotechnology, neuroscience, with important applications to health, environment, and sustainable living . This will be intertwisted the undergraduate education for enhancing employability of the youth.
Policy of Healthcare
- Healthcare education needs to be re-envisioned so that the duration, structure, and design of the educational programmes required to match the role requirements that graduates will play.
- Given that people exercise more choices in healthcare, our healthcare education system must be integrative meaning. Thereby, all students of allopathic medical education must have a basic understanding of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy (AYUSH), and vice versa.
- There shall also be a much greater emphasis on preventive healthcare and community medicine in all forms of healthcare education.
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